Legal Environment Assessments (LEAs) are another tool for identifying human rights and gender equality-related barriers and how they affect AGYW in the context of HIV. LEAs are participatory, country-led initiatives to identify and document a country’s laws, regulations and policies relating to HIV (and/or TB and malaria) and to key affected populations, including AGYW. LEAs also examine access to justice and law enforcement issues, to determine how laws, regulations and policies are enforced and whether populations, including key populations are able to access remedies for rights violations.
In this way, LEAs provide information on how the legal and policy framework protects and promotes rights to address the HIV and / or how it creates barriers to access to health services for HIV, TB and malaria.
In some countries, an LEA may already have been completed, may be ongoing or may have been identified as an important activity in the national strategic plan. In this case, the outcome of the LEA can help to direct human rights and gender equality interventions required in the country’s national responses, and within Global Fund funding requests. Where an LEA has not been undertaken, it may be useful to include it as an activity in the plan and/or funding request.