Global Fund - human rights, gender equality, key populations

The role of the Global Fund in relation to human rights, gender equality, key populations and community systems

The Global Fund, as one of the largest global financiers of HIV, TB and malaria programmes, supports governments to realize the rights of their people to the highest attainable standard of health without discrimination, in terms of state commitments to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR).

In addition to financial support for health services, the Global Fund recognises the critical role of protecting and promoting human rights and gender equality and supporting community systems strengthening in ensuring that appropriate and effective health services reach key populations and those who are most vulnerable.

The Global Fund Strategy 2017-2022

recognises the promotion and protection of human rights and gender equality as one of the core objectives to invest in ending HIV, TB and malaria. The Strategy notes that “human rights barriers, stigma and discrimination undermine an effective response to the three diseases. Promoting and protecting human rights is essential to ensure that countries can control their epidemics, scale up where needed, and sustain their gains. Addressing gender inequality is essential as it drives increases in infection rates, and contributes to differential access to health services for men, women and transgender people. Gender inequality reduces the ability of women and girls to protect and keep themselves healthy, and access social services like education.”

The Global Fund has committed to promoting and protecting human rights, gender equality, and supporting community systems strengthening within its HIV, TB and malaria funding strategies, policies, guidelines and grant review processes, encouraging country applicants to integrate interventions to address these areas into their funding proposals. These are described in more detail in the Human Rights, Gender Equality and Community Systems Strengthening sections.

In addition, the Global Fund also addresses human rights, gender equality and community systems strengthening through:

  • The Community, Rights and Gender Strategic Initiative which offers
    • Short-term technical support through the Community, Rights and Gender Technical Assistance Program which provides support for civil society and community organizations to meaningfully engage in the entire grant life cycle. Technical assistance includes support with situational analysis and planning, participation in country dialogue, program design, and transition plans.
    • Long-term capacity building of global and regional key population networks to strengthen their engagement in Global Fund processes at the country level.
    • Regional Communication and Coordination Platforms that:
      • Enhance Global Fund knowledge among civil society and community groups
      • Improve understanding of TA needs and coordinate with other TA initiatives, including bilateral and multilateral organizations, and
      • Support strategic civil society and community capacity development initiatives.
    • Training via e-learning courses and other joint learning and information sharing meetings on human rights, key population engagement, gender and other cross-cutting issues
    • Key performance indicators to measure progress in the areas of gender equality and human rights as outlined in the Global Fund 2017-2022 Strategic Key Performance Indicator Framework and the Modular Framework Handbook which sets out the modular framework and core indicators for the three diseases, and
    • Systems to track funding spent on interventions that address human rights barriers to accessing health services, as outlined in the Global Fund Key Populations Action Plan 2014-2017.
Critical Enablers