A comprehensive situational analysis of health data can help to identify who has, and who is at risk of HIV, TB and/or malaria in the country, considering information on incidence, prevalence and the coverage, quality and uptake of prevention, treatment, care and support services, including for key populations.
However, it is equally important to consider human rights and gender equality barriers that impact on risk and vulnerability to HIV, TB and malaria.
An open, multi-stakeholder, nationally owned and led country or national dialogue is a useful forum for identifying how laws, policies, discrimination, gender inequality and other human rights violations place populations at risk and create barriers to access to HIV, TB and malaria prevention, treatment, care and support, and to guide appropriate, rights-based and gender-responsive interventions.
A country / national dialogue creates an open and safe space to bring together a wide range of key stakeholders from government (including health and non-health actors such as law, justice, education, police, prisons and labour), the private sector, non-governmental and civil society organizations representing key populations, faith-based organizations, academia and bilateral, multilateral and technical partners. It is a country-led process to facilitate frank dialogue about who has and is at risk of HIV, TB and/or malaria and how laws and human rights impact on the lives of affected populations.
A country / national dialogue can help not only to understand the country situation but also to begin to identify rights-based and gender-sensitive activities, to build commitment and accountability, to form critical partnerships and to design programmes that promote responsibility amongst a broad range of stakeholders for creating enabling legal frameworks to respond to HIV, TB and malaria.