Effective and sustainable responses to HIV, TB and malaria require legal and policy environments that reduce stigma, discrimination, inequality and violence, including for key populations and that empower communities to access their health rights and participate in the governance of the national response.
Successful and effective Global Fund funding requests, national strategies and plans should include interventions aimed to reduce human rights and gender-related barriers to services and strengthen legal frameworks. An enabling legal framework for responding to HIV, TB and malaria requires mutually reinforcing interventions that include:
LEAs, country or national dialogues and other consultations can help to identify and analyse how laws, regulations, policies and practices, including human rights and gender-related barriers, impact on people living with and affected by HIV, TB and malaria and on key populations. They provide good guidance on potential ways in which a strengthened legal environment requires law review and reform as well as efforts to strengthen access to justice and improve law enforcement. Engagement Scans provide further information on the opportunities for engaging in law and policy review and reform and strategic litigation. Programmatic responses should build on this information to ensure a holistic response that works at these various levels.