Legal literacy programmes aim to provide affected populations with an increased knowledge of national and local laws and their rights and ways to seek redress for violations. So, legal literacy programmes can focus both on legal and rights knowledge, as well as strategies on how to use this knowledge to improve health and justice. They can form part of other services (e.g. health care services, prevention outreach services, peer education, support groups) or can be stand-alone programmes.
Legal literacy programmes help to remove human rights and gender-related barriers to health care and to support a strengthened legal framework, by empowering communities to access justice for human rights violations.
In Kenya, the Bar Hostess Empowerment and Support Programme began as a group of sex workers and bar hostesses working together against HIV, violence and exploitation. The civil society organisation has grown to provide a number of services, including legal literacy and legal support services to protect and empower sex workers. The organisation has supported increased awareness of rights and promoted access to justice through, amongst other things: