There are a number of recommended interventions to address gender inequality, harmful gender norms and gender-based violence, including through review and reform of laws and policies as well as strengthening access to justice and law enforcement. Examples of interventions may include:
In Nepal, a toolkit to empower women to protect their rights in healthcare settings has been rolled out, covering know your rights, how to access justice if rights are violated and how to improve transparency and accountability of health care providers.
Review of Country Progress in Addressing Legal and Policy Barriers to Universal Access to HIV services in Asia and the Pacific
In Afghanistan, UNDP, as co-Principal Recipient of Global Fund grants for TB and building resilient and sustainable health systems, is supporting six non-governmental organisations to train women to become community health nurses. Women in Afghanistan struggle to access health care, since they must be seen by a female practitioner and be accompanied by a male family member - doubling travel costs and contributing to health inequity. With an increase in the number of female nurses available, Afghan women will have expanded access to health services, especially in rural areas. However, the development benefits go beyond health, also contributing to women’s empowerment and livelihoods in a country with very high female illiteracy and few education and employment opportunities for women.
In South Sudan, in its role as Global Fund Principal Recipient, UNDP supports a program to train health care workers to respond to GBV, and refer survivors to a range of appropriate services. In light of the clear links between GBV and HIV vulnerability, the provision of co-located psycho-social and legal referral services for women are a great example of the integrated service provision necessary to address critical enablers that drive the spread of HIV.
In addition, the program supports a number of behavioural change communication initiatives aimed at preventing GBV and supporting the use of GBV services, using the popular medium of radio. These messages are translated into multiple languages, including those spoken by internally displaced populations, and are aimed at removing the stigma and gender inequality that drives the HIV epidemic and often prevents survivors of GBV victims from accessing key HIV-related prevention services.