Addressing gender inequality, harmful gender norms and gender-based violence

Addressing gender inequality, harmful gender norms and gender-based violence

There are a number of recommended interventions to address gender inequality, harmful gender norms and gender-based violence, including through review and reform of laws and policies as well as strengthening access to justice and law enforcement. Examples of interventions may include:

  • Awareness-raising and sensitization programmes with young people to reduce gender inequality, raise awareness about different gender identities and reduce gender-based violence
  • Dialogue, awareness-raising and sensitization programmes with religious leaders, traditional leaders and community members on harmful practices that put women, girls and other gender identities at risk of HIV exposure
  • Law review and reform to strengthen gender equality in law and to eliminate gender-based violence and discrimination
  • Legal literacy (“Know Your Rights”) campaigns to educate women, young girls and other vulnerable and key populations of their legal rights and avenues for redress for human rights violations
  • Legal support services to support access to redress for discrimination and human rights violations on the basis of a person’s sex, gender, sexual orientation or gender identity, and
  • Working with law enforcers to address gender-based violence, including sexual violence, in the harassment and abuse of key populations such as sex workers and transgender persons.
Case Study: Training health workers and legal literacy to strengthen women’s health rights

In Nepal, a toolkit to empower women to protect their rights in healthcare settings has been rolled out, covering know your rights, how to access justice if rights are violated and how to improve transparency and accountability of health care providers.

Review of Country Progress in Addressing Legal and Policy Barriers to Universal Access to HIV services in Asia and the Pacific

In Afghanistan, UNDP, as co-Principal Recipient of Global Fund grants for TB and building resilient and sustainable health systems, is supporting six non-governmental organisations to train women to become community health nurses. Women in Afghanistan struggle to access health care, since they must be seen by a female practitioner and be accompanied by a male family member - doubling travel costs and contributing to health inequity. With an increase in the number of female nurses available, Afghan women will have expanded access to health services, especially in rural areas. However, the development benefits go beyond health, also contributing to women’s empowerment and livelihoods in a country with very high female illiteracy and few education and employment opportunities for women.

Case Study: Training health workers to respond to gender-based violence

In South Sudan, in its role as Global Fund Principal Recipient, UNDP supports a program to train health care workers to respond to GBV, and refer survivors to a range of appropriate services. In light of the clear links between GBV and HIV vulnerability, the provision of co-located psycho-social and legal referral services for women are a great example of the integrated service provision necessary to address critical enablers that drive the spread of HIV.

In addition, the program supports a number of behavioural change communication initiatives aimed at preventing GBV and supporting the use of GBV services, using the popular medium of radio. These messages are translated into multiple languages, including those spoken by internally displaced populations, and are aimed at removing the stigma and gender inequality that drives the HIV epidemic and often prevents survivors of GBV victims from accessing key HIV-related prevention services.

Critical Enablers Section