Functional Capacities

Functional Capacities

Central to the UNDP capacity development strategy is a strong focus on strengthening national systems for health; in particular the systems which support the following functional capacities:

These cover the minimum requirements of the Global Fund, but are also tailored to meet the wider requirements of national disease programmes and donor grants. The entry point for planning the development of functional capacities is ideally during the development of the GF concept note, but should be broad enough to include needs of national responses and programmes rather than just focusing on the Global Fund grant. This provides the opportunity to apply greater integration between the three diseases and identify potential synergies with broader public health programmes.

Global Fund Principal Recipient Minimum Standards

Project Governance and Program Management, including Sub Recipient (SR) Management

1.   The Principal Recipient demonstrates effective management structures and planning.

2.   The Principal Recipient has the capacity and systems for effective management and oversight of sub-recipients (and relevant sub-sub-recipients).

Financial Management & Systems, including Risk Management

3.   The internal control system of the Principal Recipient is effective to prevent and detect misuse or fraud.

4.   The financial management system of the Principal Recipient is effective and accurate.

Procurement and Supply Chain Management (PSM)

5.   Central warehousing and regional warehouse have capacity, and are aligned with good storage practices to ensure adequate condition, integrity and security of health products.

6.   The distribution systems and transportation arrangements  are efficient to ensure continued and secured supply of health products to end users to avoid treatment/program disruptions.

Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E)

7.   Data-collection capacity and tools are in place to monitor program performance.

8.   A functional routine reporting system with reasonable coverage is in place to report program performance timely and accurately.

9.   Implementers have capacity to comply with quality requirements and to monitor product quality throughout the in-country supply chain.

Enabling Legal and Policy environments

In addition to the functional capacities described above, it should be recognised that strengthening the enabling legal and policy environments, including the promotion and protection of human rights, is essential in ensuring effective national responses to HIV, TB and malaria. The environment in which the programme is being implemented is key to the success of the programme.

In this area UNDP provides policy advice, guidance and facilitation to:

  1. Increase the participation of communities and people, particularly those infected and directly affected by the three diseases, in the development of proposals and access to quality services.
  2. Support public health interventions that address social and gender inequalities, as well as behaviour practices that fuel the spread of the three diseases.
  3. Aim to eliminate stigmatization of, and discrimination against, those infected and affected by HIV/AIDS, especially for women, children and vulnerable groups.

During capacity development processes UNDP works with partners on interventions to strengthen the enabling environment. These can include the following:

  1. Measures to reduce stigma and discrimination against people living with and affected by the three diseases.
  2. Measures that increase access to justice and awareness of rights for those affected.
  3. Ensuring appropriate law enforcement practices that protect the rights of key populations and promote a public health approach.
  4. Training for health care workers in human rights and medical ethics, covering topics such as confidentiality, informed consent and non-discrimination.

What are critical enablers and why are they important?

UNDP and the Global Fund partnership

Resources for strengthening policies and programs