TB has now surpassed HIV as the world’s deadliest infectious disease in all but the lowest income countries, killing 3 people every minute. Men are particularly at risk of contracting TB - across countries where UNDP has Global Fund programmes men accounted for 58% of incidence in 2015. Prison populations, those in poverty and people who use drugs are particularly vulnerable. The UNDP/Global Fund Partnership currently supports TB programmes in 11 countries and in 2016 started implementing new TB grants in Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Belize, Panama and Djibouti. Working closely with national governments and civil society organisations, this has resulted in 820,000 people receiving treatment for TB and 17,700 people receiving treatment for multi-drug resistant TB. UNDP and Global Fund support is also helping to dramatically improving the outlook for TB patients, highlighted by a decrease in TB related mortality across the countries where the partnership operates.
Tackling TB in Kyrgyzstan’s prisons
Aziz has reason to be thankful on World TB Day. Just two years ago he was being carried by his cell-mates to the prison doctor, so ill he could barely stand. Although Aziz did not realize it, he was at high risk of contracting the disease having looked after a family member with TB.
Having been referred to the prison’s specialised TB hospital, Aziz was swiftly diagnosed with multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB). Kyrgyzstan is among the 30 high MDR-TB burden countries in the world, creating significant challenges for the effective diagnosis and treatment of patients.
Thankfully for Aziz, doctors at the prison TB hospital were able to act swiftly and he began treatment immediately. The hospital is one of several supported by UNDP’s partnership with the Global Fund as part of a targeted effort to reach those at higher risk. After completing his sentence in February 2017, on just his second day after release, Aziz went to the civilian TB centre in Bishkek to ensure continuity of his treatment....
Remarkable country results
Large decreases in TB related mortality (per 100,000 population)
A particularly high rate of treatment success in Iraq
Source: World Health Organization